Hallux Valgus

This foot’s pathology, it is one of the most frequent anatomical deformities of the foot. It is mainly located in women and it is the outward deviation of the big toe towards the other toes. This is accompanied by an increase of the angle which is formed between the 1st and 2nd metatarsal and the development of exostosis in the inner side of the foot at the height of the 1st metatarsophalangeal articulation (before the big toe). With the passage of time a bunion is formed there which in turn comes into contact with the shoe causing redness and/or inflammation and as a result pain.
The cause of the development of this condition is not exactly known. It appears, though, that it is mainly due to heredity, and is worsened by the use of inappropriate shoes (tight shoes at the toes, tough leather and high heels). Many believe that the cause is mainly a bad shoe but this totally conflicts with the fact that this condition is noticed in African countries where people walk without shoes or don’t wear high-healed shoes etc.
Other secondary causes are the hallux valgus at the heel, the varus ankle or autoimmune and degenerative conditions that cause distortions to the foot structure. This pathological condition of the big toe consequently affects other future deformities and deviations at the toes and even causes hammertoe.
Furthermore, hallux valgus because of its outward deviation, affects short-term and long-term the whole behavior of the musculoskeletal system due to the pronation that follows influencing change to the gravity axis resulting in hyperlordosis of the lumbar of spinal cord.